Top Menu

Menu
Menu

Congenital Heart Defects

Summary

A congenital heart defect is a problem with the structure of the heart. It is present at birth. Congenital heart defects are the most common type of birth defect. The defects can involve the walls of the heart, the valves of the heart, and the arteries and veins near the heart. They can disrupt the normal flow of blood through the heart. The blood flow can slow down, go in the wrong direction or to the wrong place, or be blocked completely.

Doctors use a physical exam and special heart tests to diagnose congenital heart defects. They often find severe defects during pregnancy or soon after birth. Signs and symptoms of severe defects in newborns include

  • Rapid breathing
  • Cyanosis – a bluish tint to the skin, lips, and fingernails
  • Fatigue
  • Poor blood circulation

Many congenital heart defects cause few or no signs and symptoms. They are often not diagnosed until children are older.

Many children with congenital heart defects don’t need treatment, but others do. Treatment can include medicines, catheter procedures, surgery, and heart transplants. The treatment depends on the type of the defect, how severe it is, and a child’s age, size, and general health.

NIH: National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute

National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute

Encyclopedia

Adults

Find an Expert

Specifics

Array

Teenagers

Children

Diagnosis and Tests

Living With

Clinical Trials

Start Here

Related Issues

Reference Desk

Genetics

Women

Statistics and Research

Videos and Tutorials

Treatments and Therapies

Journal Articles

Symptoms

Latest News

Print Friendly, PDF & Email