Testicular Cancer Summary Testicles, or testes, make male hormones and sperm. They are two egg-shaped organs inside the scrotum, the loose sac of skin behind the penis. You can get cancer in one or both testicles. Testicular cancer mainly affects young men between the ages of 20 and 39. It is also more common in men who Have had abnormal testicle development Have had an undescended testicle Have a family history of the cancer Symptoms include pain, swelling, or lumps in your testicles or groin area. Doctors use a physical exam, lab tests, imaging tests, and a biopsy to diagnose testicular cancer. Most cases can be treated, especially if found early. Treatment options include surgery, radiation, and/or chemotherapy. Regular exams after treatment are important. Treatments may also cause infertility. If you may want children later on, you should consider sperm banking before treatment. NIH: National Cancer Institute National Cancer Institute Encyclopedia After chemotherapy – discharge Alpha fetoprotein Leydig cell tumor Pelvis MRI scan Living With After Treatment Testicular Cancer Resource Center What Happens After Treatment for Testicular Cancer? American Cancer Society Find an Expert American Cancer Society American Cancer Society Find a Cancer Doctor American Society of Clinical Oncology Find a Urologist Urology Care Foundation National Cancer Institute National Cancer Institute Organizations That Offer Support Services National Cancer Institute Diagnosis and Tests Can Testicular Cancer Be Found Early? American Cancer Society How Is Testicular Cancer Diagnosed? American Cancer Society Questions for Your Doctor: Your First Visit Testicular Cancer Resource Center Scrotal Ultrasound Array Testicular Cancer Screening National Cancer Institute Statistics and Research Cancer of the Testis National Cancer Institute What Are the Key Statistics about Testicular Cancer? American Cancer Society What’s New in Testicular Cancer Research and Treatment? American Cancer Society Treatments and Therapies Chemotherapy for Testicular Cancer American Cancer Society Drugs Approved for Testicular Cancer National Cancer Institute Inguinal Orchiectomy Testicular Cancer Resource Center Radiation Therapy for Testicular Cancer American Cancer Society Surgery for Testicular Cancer American Cancer Society Surveillance Testicular Cancer Resource Center Treatment Option Overview (Testicular Cancer) National Cancer Institute Treatment Options by Stage (Testicular Cancer) National Cancer Institute Clinical Trials ClinicalTrials.gov: Testicular Neoplasms National Institutes of Health Reference Desk Dictionary of Cancer Terms National Cancer Institute Glossary for Testicular Cancer and Related Conditions Testicular Cancer Resource Center Testicle Testicular Cancer Resource Center Related Issues Do We Know What Causes Testicular Cancer? American Cancer Society TCRC Fertility Page Testicular Cancer Resource Center Testicular Cancer and Sex Testicular Cancer Resource Center Testicular Microlithiasis: Is It Associated with Testicular Cancer? Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research Specifics Extragonadal Germ Cell Cancer (EGC) Testicular Cancer Resource Center Scrotal Masses Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research Children General Information about Childhood Extracranial Germ Cell Tumors National Cancer Institute Start Here General Information about Testicular Cancer National Cancer Institute Testicular Cancer Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research What Is Testicular Cancer? American Cancer Society Prevention and Risk Factors How to Do a Testicular Self Examination Testicular Cancer Resource Center Testicular Cancer American Academy of Family Physicians What Are the Risk Factors for Testicular Cancer? American Cancer Society Teenagers How to Perform a Testicular Self-Examination Nemours Foundation Journal Articles Testicular Cancer Array Testicle lump Testicular biopsy Testicular cancer Testicular self-examination Patient Handouts Understanding Chemotherapy National Cancer Institute What to Know about External Beam Radiation Therapy National Cancer Institute NIH MedlinePlus Magazine Winning the Race: Lance Armstrong Shares His Struggle to Survive Cancer… and Thrive!